Quantitative Rock Abrasion on Earth & Mars

 

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Research Log from 4/27/04-4/28/04 Little Cowholes, Mojave National Preserve

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Desert Studies Center
Desert Studies Center
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Site 1: ROCK WITH HELICAL SCORES NEAR THE SADDLE WHERE CARS DRIVE UP


10:03 A.M., 4/27/04
Carbonate rock on west side of ridge
10:31 A.M. - drilled two holes, one in each face of rock using small bit. Julie and I recorded two slopes and flute orientations (see Julie's notes).

GPS:
35°10'58.8" N
115°59'25.2"

Elevation:
1231 ftHoles drilled approx 7 inches apart on separate opposing faces
Orientation of holes: 3°
Orientation of helical score on top of north-facing slope: 6-7°
South slope is approx 145°
N-facing ventifact slope: dip is 45° to the northwest; strike is N35E
S-facing ventifact slope: 65° dip; sloping to SW; Strike approx N38°W


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Site 1
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Setting up tent Laser scanner aimed toward rock
Image P427001;
Setting up tent
Image P427002;
Laser scanner aimed toward rock
Windward face of rock, with hammer for scale Leeward face of rock, with hammer and Brunton for scale
Image P427003;
Windward face of rock, with hammer for scale
Image P427004;
Leeward face of rock, with hammer and Brunton for scale


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Site 2: ROCK WITH DIFFERENTIAL HORIZONTAL WIND ETCHING


11:15 A.M., 4/27/04
Carbonate rock up slope from Site 1. There is prominent differential erosion, giving a bookend-like appearance to the is and nearby rocks.

GPS:
N35°10'58.6"
W 115°59'24.6"
(accuracy of 13 ft)

Trend of erosional grooves: N25°W
Dip of face: 56° to west
Strike: N2°W


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Site 2
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Rock with DNAG scale More distal view of rock for context
Image P427005;
Rock with DNAG scale

Image P427006;
More distal view of rock for context


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Site 3: ROCK WITH TWO TEXTURES


Noon, 4/27/04
Carbonate rock, on saddle, east of Site 2. The rock shows patterns that vary as function of original texture and slope.GPS:
N35°10'59.2"
W115°59'23.5"
(accuracy of 18 ft)N-facing face: Trend of grooves-N35°W; dip 20°; strike: 225°
S-facing face: Trend of grooves-120°; dip - 28°; strike 68°

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Site 3
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Top view of rock with hammer for scale Side view of rock with hammer for scale
Image P427007;
Top view of rock with hammer for scale
Image P427008;
Side view of rock with hammer for scale


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Site 4: ROCK WITH FAIRLY LARGE AREA OF HOMOGENEOUS LIGHT GREY MARBLE ERODED IN PYRAMIDAL PATTERN


1:30 P.M., 4/27/04
Well-faceted, homogeneous carbonate rock, east of Site 3, on north slope. This rock is located just south of Rock #3.

GPS:
N35°10'59.0"
W115°59'23.3"
(accuracy of 15 ft).Azimuth between drilled holes: 250°
Groove orientation(difficult to measure): 305/125 bidirectional
275°/95° azimuth from rock to large creosote bush in the dune. Distance of about 50 ft.


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Site 4
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Top view of rock with hammer for scale Side view of rock with hammer for scale
Image P427009;
Top view of rock with hammer for scale
Image P427010;
Side view of rock with hammer for scale
More distal view of rock for context More distal view of rock for context
Image P427011;
More distal view of rock for context
Image P427012;
More distal view of rock for context


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Site 5: HETEROGENEOUSS ROCK WITH GREEN SPOT


2:30 P.M., 4/27/04
Rock with green spots; located on saddle.GPS:
N35°10'59.6"
W115°59'23.4"
(accuracy of 16 ft)Orientation (azimuths) between drilled holes: 82° E/W
Fabric of rock etched by wind - this curves
Grooves are approx 311° on n-facng slope
Grooves are approx 130° on s-facing slope


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Site 5
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Not sure these images below are correct? Site 6 pictures?
Top view of windward side of rock with hammer for scale Side view of windward side of rock with hammer for scale
Image P427013;
Top view of windward side of rock with hammer for scale
Image P427014;
Side view of windward side of rock with hammer for scale
   
rock 5 - 3D Model animation
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Site 6: LARGE ROCK ON NW SLOPE


2:45 P.M., 4/27/04
Large rock on northwest slope. Rock is on n-facing slope; high up (near crest); adjacent to saddle where cars park.

GPS:
N35°10'59.4"
W115°59'24.7"
Scott's GPS gives, 35°N, 10', 59.3"; 115°W, 59', 24.6", accuracy is 14 m

Azimuth between drilled holes: 15°
N-facing slope orientation of grooves: 350°
S-facing slope orientation of grooves: 182°
N face: dip of rock - 42°; strike - 120°
S face: dip of rock-22°; strike - 280°


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Site 6
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Top view of rock with car key for scale  
Image P427015;
Top view of rock with car key for scale
 


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Site 7: LINEAR ROCK WITH FINE GROOVES


3:45 P.M., 4/27/04
Skinny rock south of Site 6. Located about 15 ft south of Rock #6. A linear rock with long grooves.

GPS:
N35°10'59.2"
W115°59'24.7"Azimuth between holes: 10°
N-face: groove orientation - 335°
Dip 27°; strike about 90°


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Site 7-8
QTVR Panoramic View (Sites 7 and 8) (4 MB) Click image to view.
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Windward side of rock with DNAG scale Top view of rock with DNAG scale
Image P427016;
Windward side of rock with DNAG scale
Image P427017;
Top view of rock with DNAG scale
I think this might be a showing the locations of Site 6 (blue backpack) and Site 7 (orange backpack).  
Image P427018;
I think this might be a showing the locations of Site 6 (blue backpack) and Site 7 (orange backpack).
 


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Site 8: VERTICAL FACE, N-FACING SLOPE, NEAR TO WHERE CARS PARKED IN SADDLE


8:45 A.M., 4/28/04
Steep-sided carbonate rock on north slope. Small, deep flutes cover the ventifact surface.

GPS:
5°11'00"
115°59'25"
Altitude of 1227 ftThree holes drilled
a) one on steep n face
b) one on shallow n face
c) one on e face(a) to (b) orientation: 342°
(a) to (c) orientation: 275°
(b) to (c) orientation: 246°Super steep slope with flutes: 90° plus slope (oversteepened)
Upper surface; n-facing; to east of rock: about 28°; strike of 95°
Trend of fluting on n-face is 356°

Site 7-8
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Site 9: HORIZONTAL FACE, NEAR LARGE CREOSOTE, NEAR SADDLE WHERE CARS ARE PARKED


10:00 A.M., 4/28/04
Flat rock west of road.

GPS:
N35°10'58.6"
W115°59'26.8æ
(accuracy of about 18 ft)About 17 ft from largest southernmost creosote bush: 320° from bush to rock
Groove orientation: 350K; dip of n "face" is 14°
Four holes drilled
NE-SW orientation is 196°
NW-SE orientation is 141°


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Download OBJ Version of File
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(decimated to 500,000 polygons, 25MB)

Site 9
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